Documentation style guide
This document will serve as the canonical place to define how we write documentation at Read the Docs. The goal is to have a shared understanding of how things are done, and document the conventions that we follow.
Let us know if you have any questions or something isn’t clear.
We are called Read the Docs.
the is not capitalized.
We do however use the acronym RTD.
For page titles we use sentence case. This means only proper nouns and the first word are capitalized:
# Good ✅ How we handle support on Read the Docs. # Bad 🔴 How we Handle Support on Read the Docs
If the page includes multiple sub-headings (H2, H3), we use sentence case there as well.
:menuselection:when referring to an item or sequence of items in navigation.
:guilabel:when referring to a visual element on the screen - such as a button, drop down or input field.
**bold text**when referring to a non-interactive text element, such as a header.
Do not break the content across multiple lines at 80 characters, but rather break them on semantic meaning (e.g. periods or commas). Read more about this here.
If you are cross-referencing to a different page within our website, use the
docrole and not a hyperlink.
If you are cross-referencing to a section within our website, use the
refrole with the label from the autosectionlabel extension.
<variable>as placeholders in code and URLs. For instance:
:guilabel:`<your username>` dropdown
Make sure that all bullet list items end with a period, and don’t mix periods with no periods.
We have a specific way that we write common words:
build commandis the name of each step in the file. We try to avoid confusion with pipelines, jobs and steps from other CIs, as we do not have a multi-dimentional build sequence.
build jobis the name of the general and pre-defined steps that can be overridden. They are similar to “steps” in pipelines, but on Read the Docs they are pre-defined. So it’s important to have a unique name.
Gitshould be upper case. Except when referring to the git command, then it should be written as
Git repositoryfor the place that stores Git repos. We used to use
VCS, but this is deprecated.
Git providerfor generic references to GitHub/Bitbucket/GitLab/Gitea etc. We avoid “host” and “platform” because they are slightly more ambiguous.
how todo the thing is explained in a
how-to guide(notice hyphen and spaces).
lifecycleis spelled without hyphen nor space.
open sourceshould be lower case, unless you are definitely referring to
OSI's Open Source Definition.
.readthedocs.yamlis the general name of the build configuration file. Even though we allow custom paths to the config file, we only validate
.readthedocs.yamlas the file name. Older variations of the name are considered legacy. We do not refer to it in general terms.
The following substitutions are used in our documentation to guarantee consistency and make it easy to apply future changes.
|org_brand|is used for mentioning of .org: Example: Read the Docs Community
|com_brand|is used for mentioning of .com. Example: Read the Docs for Business
|git_providers_and|is used to mention currently support Git providers with “and”. Example: GitHub, Bitbucket, and GitLab
|git_providers_or|is used to mention currently support Git providers with “or”. Example: GitHub, Bitbucket, or GitLab
Since the above Word List is for internal reference,
we also maintain a Glossary with terms that have canonical definitions in our docs.
Terms that can otherwise have multiple definitions
or have a particular meaning in Read the Docs context
should always be added to the Glossary and referenced using the
Using a glossary helps us (authors) to have consistent definitions but even more importantly, it helps and includes readers by giving them quick and easy access to terms that they may be unfamiliar with.
Use an external link or Intersphinx reference when a term is clearly defined elsewhere.
Cross-references are great to have as inline links. Because of sphinx-hoverxref, inline links also have a nice tooltip displayed.
We like to cross-reference other articles with a definition list inside a
seealso:: admonition box.
It looks like this:
.. seealso:: :doc:`/other/documentation/article` You can learn more about <concept> in this (how-to/description/section/article)
Differentiating .org and .com
When there are differences on .org and .com,
you can use a
note:: admonition box with a definition list.
Notice the use of substitutions in the example:
.. note:: |org_brand| You need to be *maintainer* of a subproject in order to choose it from your main project. |com_brand| You need to have *admin access* to the subproject in order to choose it from your main project.
If the contents aren’t suitable for a
note::, you can also use
We are using sphinx-tabs,
however since sphinx-design also provides tabs,
it should be noted that we don’t use that feature of sphinx-design.
Sphinx is very relaxed about how headlines are applied and will digest different notations. We try to stick to the following:
Header 1 ======== Header 2 -------- Header 3 ~~~~~~~~ Header 4 ^^^^^^^^
In the above,
Header 1 is the title of the article.
We apply the methodology and concepts of the Diátaxis Framework. This means that both content and navigation path for all sections should fit a single category of the 4 Diátaxis categories:
The official website of Diátaxis is the main resource. It’s best to check this out before guessing what the 4 categories mean.
Avoid minimal changes
If your change has a high coherence with another proposed or planned change, propose the changes in the same PR.
By multi-tasking on several articles about the same topic, such as an explanation and a how-to, you can easily design your content to end up in the right place Diátaxis-wise. This is great for the author and the reviewers and it saves coordination work.
Minimal or isolated changes generally raise more questions and concerns than changes that seek to address a larger perspective.
Title convention: Use words indicating explanation in the title. Like Understanding <subject>, Dive into <subject>, Introduction to <subject> etc.
Introduce the scope in the first paragraph: “This article introduces …”. Write this as the very first thing, then re-read it and potentially shorten it later in your writing process.
Cross-reference the related How-to Guide. Put a
seealso::somewhere visible. It should likely be placed right after the introduction, and if the article is very short, maybe at the bottom.
Consider adding an Examples section.
Can you add screenshots or diagrams?
Title should begin with “How to …”. If the how-to guide is specific for a tool, make sure to note it in the title.
Navigation titles should not contain the “How to” part. Navigation title for “How to create a thing” is Creating a thing.
Introduce the scope: “In this guide, we will…”
Introduction paragraph suggestions:
“This guide shows <something>. <motivation>”
“<motivation>. This guide shows you how.”
Cross-reference related explanation. Put a
seealso::somewhere visible, It should likely be placed right after the introduction and if the article is very short, maybe at the bottom.
Try to avoid a “trivial” how-to, i.e. a step-by-step guide that just states what is on a page without further information. You can ask questions like:
Can this how-to contain recommendations and practical advice without breaking the how-to format?
Can this how-to be expanded with relevant troubleshooting?
Worst-case: Is this how-to describing a task that’s so trivial and self-evident that we might as well remove it?
Consider if an animation can be embedded: Here is an article about ‘gif-to-video’
We have not started organizing the Reference section yet, guidelines pending.
We don’t really have tutorials targeted in the systematic refactor, so this checklist isn’t very important right now.
“Getting started with <subject>” is likely a good start!
Cross-reference related explanation and how-to.
Try not to explain things too much, and instead link to the explanation content.
Refactor other resources so you can use references instead of disturbing the flow of the tutorial.